MODELOS DE SIMULACIÓN CLÍNICA PARA LA ENSEÑANZA DE HABILIDADES CLÍNICAS EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD

MODELOS DE SIMULACIÓN CLÍNICA PARA LA ENSEÑANZA DE HABILIDADES CLÍNICAS EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD

Contenido principal del artículo

José Iván Alfonso Mantilla
Jaime Martínez Santa

Resumen

Introducción: En la actualidad la educación en salud se ha convertido en un eje de gran importancia para la formación de profesionales competentes en áreas de la salud como: Medicina, Enfermería, Fisioterapia, Terapia Ocupacional y Fonoaudiología. A través de los años se ha visto un crecimiento en la utilización de tecnología basada en simulación a través de maniquíes, simuladores virtuales y ambientes clínicos para la educación en estudiantes del área de la salud. 

Método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura, se realizo una búsqueda en bases de datos como: Science Citation Index, Medline, Ebsco, Scopus, Wiley Blackwell, Elsevier, Science Direct, Springer, MasterFILE Premier, Taylor francis. Se contemplaron estudios del año 2000 al 2015, literatura con los siguientes términos MESH: “Education”,
“students”, “Medical”, “Simulators¨, “Physiotherapy”.

Resultados: La evidencia identificada en relación a educación basada en simulación en áreas de la salud fue de N=51, los resultados muestran que un método educativo basado en ambientes de simulación clínica aumenta el conocimiento teorico/practico, habilidades clínicas, autoconfianza, rendimiento y seguridad del paciente en los procesos de atención
clínica. 

Conclusiones: La educación basada en simulación médica tiene características que mejoran la práctica clínica estas son: retroalimentación, práctica deliberada, integración curricular, medición de resultados, adquisición y mantenimiento de habilidades, el dominio del aprendizaje, transferencia a la práctica, formación del equipo, formación de instructores en
contexto educativo y profesional. 

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Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a (VER)

José Iván Alfonso Mantilla, Universidad del Rosario

Fisioterapeuta. Universidad del Rosario

Jaime Martínez Santa, Universidad del Rosario

Docente. Unviersidad del Rosario.

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