Asociación entre las enfermedades crónicas y la funcionalidad de los colombianos durante el año 2022

Association Between Chronic Diseases and the Functionality of Colombians During 2022

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Introducción: El presente estudio se enfoca en investigar asociación entre las enfermedades crónicas y la funcionalidad de los colombianos durante el año 2022.  El objetivo: identificar la asociación entre la presencia de enfermedades crónicas y la capacidad para realizar actividades básicas de la vida diaria, como la capacidad auditiva, la comunicación verbal, la visión, la movilidad, la destreza manual, las capacidades cognitivas, las actividades de autocuidado y la interacción social. Método: Se utilizó la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida del mismo año como fuente de datos, recopilando información relevante sobre la calidad de vida de la población colombiana.Se aplicaron pruebas estadísticas utilizando SPSS 26 para analizar una muestra representativa de 251,925 individuos. Resultados: revelaron que el 14.8% de la población presentaba una enfermedad crónica. A pesar de un buen funcionamiento general en áreas de capacidad funcional, se identificaron pequeños porcentajes de dificultades en algunas de ellas. Se encontraron asociaciones significativas entre la presencia de enfermedad crónica y variables relacionadas con diversas capacidades funcionales. Conclusión: este estudio destaca la importancia de abordar las enfermedades crónicas, implementando medidas preventivas y de intervención temprana, así como garantizar la accesibilidad y el apoyo adecuado para mejorar la calidad de vida de los afectados. Se respalda la necesidad de diseñar políticas y programas de salud adecuados para promover el bienestar integral y una sociedad más inclusiva en la población colombiana. 

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julian andres hernandez quintero, Universidad Manuela Beltrán

Docente de la Universidad Manuela Beltrán e investigador en áreas de epidemiología, bioética y fisiología delejercicio. Con enfasis en temas relacionados a la salud pública, deporte, enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Especialista en Epidemiología. Maestrante en Biioetica. 

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